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Resources for Teachers

We hope that the Civil Rights Library of St. Augustine will serve as an educational tool for teachers across the state of Florida, throughout the United States, and all over the world. This page exists to direct you to outside resources for information about the civil rights movement in St. Augustine, highlight some of the most interesting and informative materials within our collections, and offer you a template for developing lesson plans of your own.

Books and Films

Colburn, David. Racial Change and Community Crisis: St. Augustine, Florida, 1877-1980. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985.

Highly readable and well sourced, this is the only academic monograph written about the St. Augustine civil rights movement. Many of the interviews Dr. Colburn conducted for this book are in our Interviews collection.

Crossing in St. Augustine. Directed by CB Hackworth. 2010. [Atlanta, GA]: Andrew Young Foundation, 2010. DVD.

This Andrew Young produced documentary comprehensively covers the St. Augustine civil rights movement from 1961-1964. The uncut interviews from this film form the foundation of the Civil Rights Library of St. Augustine.

Dare Not Walk Alone. Directed by Jeremy Dean. 2008. West Hollywood, CA: Indican Pictures, 2008. DVD.

Flagler College alum, Jeremy Dean, produced this documentary about the summer of '64 protests and the ramifications for present day St. Augustine. An interview with Mr. Dean is available in our Interviews collection.

Eubanks, Gerald. Dark Before Dawn: From Civil Wrongs to Civil Light. Blommington, IN: iUniverse, Inc., 2012.

Mr. Eubanks' book is the only memoir written by a St. Augustine native about his experiences in the civil rights movement.

Garrow, David. St. Augustine, Florida, 1963-1964: Mass Protest and Racial Violence. Brooklyn, NY: Carlson Publishing Inc., 1989.

Historian Dr. David Garrow compiled this anthology of papers about the St. Augustine movement. A highlight of the anthology is a college honor's thesis by Ed Kallal about the St. Augustine Ku Klux Klan. Several of the interviews Mr. Kallal conducted appear in our Interviews collection.

Warren, Dan. If It Takes All Summer: Martin Luther King, the KKK, and States' Rights in St. Augustine, 1964. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 2008.

This memoir by the former State Attorney details his experiences keeping law and order in St. Augustine during the summer of 1964. An interview with Mr. Warren is available in our Interviews collection.

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Highlights from the Civil Rights Library of St. Augustine Collections

 

7 Men in Key Roles in Crisis

Daytona Beach News Journal article from 1964 that details the involvement of 7 key men on both sides of the racial conflict in St. Augustine.

 

Anarchy in St. Augustine

Harper's Magazine article by Larry Goodwyn that examines the St. Augustine movement in detail.

 

Audrey Nell Edwards: Video Interview

Interview with local activist who was jailed as a teenager for six months after a sit-in at a Woolworth lunch counter. Ms. Edwards also describes her experiences meeting Martin Luther King and Jackie Robinson.

 

Hank Thomas: Video Interview

Interview with local activist who was jailed for a one man sit-in at a McCrory's lunch counter in 1961. Mr. Thomas also describes his experiences as one of the original 13 Freedom Riders, plus his combat experiences in the Vietnam War.

 

I Was Lucky, Says Target of Fla. KKK

Pittsburgh Courier newspaper article from 1963 by Florida writer and activist Stetson Kennedy. This article details an attack on 4 local civil rights activists who were captured and beaten at a Ku Klux Klan rally.

 

King, Manucy Brought Clash

Daytona Beach News Journal article from 1964 that examines the conflict between Martin Luther King's activists and those of local segregationist Halstead "Hoss" Manucy.

 

Mary Peabody's Journal of Her St. Augustine Trip

Mary Peabody's personal diary of her visit to St. Augustine and arrest for being part of an integrated sit-in. Mrs. Peabody was the mother of the governor of Massachusetts at the time of her arrest. This event placed St. Augustine's movement on the national map. Her diary was donated to us courtesy of the Peabody family.

 

Police Dogs, Assaults, Silence

Daytona Beach News Journal article from 1964 written by Mabel Norris Chesley. Ms. Chesley's article is a personal account about being caught in the middle of a peaceful night march turned violent.

 

Robert Hayling: Video Interview

Interview with Dr. Robert Hayling, leader of the St. Augustine civil rights movement from 1963-1964.

 

Seeing St. Augustine Proves Exciting

Pittsburgh Courier newspaper article from 1964 by Florida writer and activist Stetson Kennedy. This article examines the events of 1964 and their impact on locals and tourists alike.

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Lesson Plans

The following lesson plans were created by Flagler College education major, Benjamin Rome, Class of 2017. Ben can be contacted at 1benjaminrome@gmail.com: